Biography of Russian President Vladimir Putin – Russian Politics & Diplomacy
MOSCOW, October 6. / TASS /. Russian President Vladimir Putin turns 69 on October 7, 2021.
Background, education, university degree
Vladimir Putin was born in Leningrad (since September 1991 Saint Petersburg) on October 7, 1952.
In 1975, Putin graduated from the Department of Law (Directorate of International Law) of Leningrad State University. Completed a refresher course for KGB agents in Leningrad (1976) and Moscow (1979) at the Dzerzhinsky Higher School of the KGB of the USSR. In 1985 graduated from the Andropov Institute of the KGB of the USSR (currently the Academy of Russian Foreign Intelligence Service SVR).
University degree – Candidate of science (Law).
In 1997, defended a thesis entitled Strategic Planning of the Mineral and Resources Base Reproduction in the Context of Emerging Free Market Economy Relations (Saint Petersburg and Leningrad region) at the Saint Petersburg Mining Institute.
Careers at the KGB of the Soviet Union, office of the mayor of St. Petersburg
After graduating from Leningrad State University, he was assigned to a post in the KGB of the USSR. His first job was in the secretariat and then in the counter-intelligence unit of the KGB office for Leningrad and the Leningrad region. After a course of study in Moscow was transferred to the N. 1 (foreign intelligence) department of the KGB office for Leningrad and Leningrad region.
In 1985 he was assigned to the KGB office in the German Democratic Republic. Worked in Dresden until 1990. Held positions as Principal Officer, Assistant and Principal Assistant to Head of Section. Returned to the Soviet Union in January 1990.
From February 1990 he worked as a foreign affairs assistant to the rector of Leningrad State University, then as an advisor to the mayor of Leningrad, Anatoly Sobchak.
In June 1991, Putin was appointed chairman of the foreign relations committee of the mayor’s office in St. Petersburg.
In August 1991, together with other city hall officials, spoke out against the State Committee on the State of Emergency. On August 20, 1991, the day after the state of emergency was established, resigned from the state security services.
In 1992, took the post of deputy mayor of St. Petersburg while retaining the post of head of the committee on foreign relations. In March 1994, when Sobchak took over as head of city administration, Putin was appointed his first deputy. Later, when the posts of head of city administration and mayor were merged, Putin’s post was renamed deputy mayor, chairman of the city’s foreign relations committee.
Public service in Moscow
After Sobchak’s defeat in the St. Petersburg municipal elections in June 1996, Putin resigned his post. In August 1996, he was transferred to a post in the Russian Presidential Property Directorate as deputy chief (his immediate superior in that capacity was Pavel Borodin). Supervised the department of executive law and issues related to foreign ownership. Moved to Moscow with his family.
From March 1997 – Deputy Chief of the Presidential Staff, Chief of the Main Directorate of Presidential Control.
In May-July 1998 – first deputy chief of the presidential staff (in 1996-1997 the presidential staff was headed by Anatoly Chubais and in 1997-1998 by Valentin Yumashev).
July 1998 – August 1999 – director of the Federal Security Service (FSB). Putin’s predecessor in this capacity was Nikolai Kovalyov. Simultaneously, from March to August 1999 – the secretary of the Russian Security Council.
On August 9, 1999, President Boris Yeltsin said in a televised address that he had made the decision to dismiss the government headed by Sergey Stepashin and asked the State Duma to approve Vladimir Putin as the new prime minister Russian. Yeltsin said he sees Putin as his successor and hopes he will succeed in “consolidating society”. On the same day, Putin was appointed first vice president of the Russian government and at the same time acting head of the Cabinet of Ministers.
On August 16, 1999, the State Duma approved Putin’s appointment as prime minister (he received the support of 233 lawmakers out of the 439 who took part in the vote, with 17 abstentions).
On December 31, 1999, President Boris Yeltsin declared his resignation, placing the presidential office in Putin’s hands.
On March 26, 2000, Russia had an early presidential election with eleven candidates. Putin emerged victorious with 52.94% of the vote in the first round. Communist candidate Gennady Zyuganov was second with 29.21%. The inauguration of the newly elected president took place on May 7, 2000.
On March 14, 2004, Putin was elected for a second term for obtaining 71.31% in the first round (Communist candidate Nikolai Kharitonov was the finalist with 13.69%). The inauguration took place on May 7, 2004.
From May 8, 2008 to May 7, 2012, Putin was Prime Minister of Russia (his appointment was supported by 392 lawmakers out of 448). His predecessor was Viktor Zubkov.
In 2008-2012, Putin led the United Russia National Party (without being a member).
On September 24, 2011, then-President Dmitry Medvedev called on the United Russia Party‘s 12th National Congress to re-appoint Putin as President of Russia.
In the elections of March 4, 2012, Putin was elected president by a majority vote of 63.6% in the first round. Communist Gennady Zyuganov finished second with 17.18%. Putin took office on May 7, 2012. Beginning in 2012, the presidential term was extended to six years under a constitutional amendment introduced on December 30, 2008.
Since June 12, 2013, Putin has been at the head of the Russian People’s Front non-governmental movement.
On March 18, 2018, Putin was re-elected President of Russia by a majority of 76.69% of the vote. Runner-up Pavel Grudinin of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation received 11.77%. On May 7, 2018, Putin took office for a six-year term.
Positions in various organs of power
Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Armed Forces and Chairman of the State Council, the Security Council, the Military-Industrial Commission and other advisory bodies reporting to the Presidential Office.
Chairman of the board of the Russian Geographical Society (since 2010) and Lomonosov Moscow State University (since 2013), and of the supervisory board of the non-profit organization Russia – Land of Opportunity ( since 2019).
Declared income in 2020 – 9.995 million rubles.
Military rank, decorations, books and films
Holder of nearly 20 Russian and foreign decorations and awards.
Doctor honoris causa from several Russian and foreign academies and universities.
In 2007, Time magazine named Putin Personality of the Year.
In 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016, Putin topped Forbes’ list of most powerful people.
In 1999, in cooperation with Vasily Shestakov and Aleksey Levitsky, he co-wrote a book titled Learn Judo with Vladimir Putin.
In 2017, U.S. cable television channel Showtime aired Oliver Stone’s documentary The Putin Interview, based on more than two dozen dates with the Russian president filmed over a two-year span.
Proficiency in foreign languages - German and English.
Hobbies: Alpine skiing, ice hockey, fishing.
Holder of the title of master of sport in judo and sambo wrestling. Leningrad champion in sambo (1973) and judo (1976). In 2006, was named Honorary President of the European Judo Union. In 2010, received an honorary doctorate in judo certificate from Yongin University of South Korea.
Black belt of karate. In November 2014, the international organization Kyokushin-kan karate-do awarded Putin the eighth Kyokushin-kan dan.
In 2013, obtained honorary ninth dan in Korean taekwondo martial art.