Nassim Majidi tells the stories of Afghans on the migration route to Europe
Thanks to the support he received, he traveled through Afghanistan, visiting and learning about other poultry farming initiatives. He learned how to raise chickens in harsh winter climates from other Afghans, developing a sense of solidarity with his peers and getting to know and better understand his country and the demands of poultry farming. This enabled him to create, with seed capital, his own poultry farm. He built a viable economic enterprise with social impact. Bamyan remains one of the few safe and peaceful provinces in his country.
Relocation will also work well if support is provided – over a period of time. From language to relationships with like-minded individuals and organizations, integration – like reintegration – is not a linear process. It will experience many ups and downs which will require the support of economic, social and psychosocial actors.
PN: What is the impact of the US withdrawal from Afghanistan and the Biden administration’s latest announcement with 9/11 as the official date [for doing so]? It appears that the violence has intensified in recent months and with it, the displacement?
NM: As I share this update from Kabul, much of the US troop withdrawal has already been enacted. More and more Afghans abroad are looking for ways to reunite with their families in Afghanistan. Women inquire about how to obtain visas to join their husbands, elderly mothers seek to reunite with their children, citizens of the United States or the United Kingdom. Others are looking for the only way out – for the most part, the route of irregular migration out of the country.
Inside Afghanistan, internal displacement is escalating. Heavy fighting continues in northeastern Afghanistan, displacing families in provinces such as Baghlan. In one month, in May, more than 21,000 people were displaced in that province alone. A similar situation is observed in eastern Afghanistan: the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs reports that fighting continues to displace Afghans in Laghman and Nangarhar provinces, as well as in Nuristan and in Kunar. Internally displaced people are dispersed in cities, living in public buildings such as schools, or housed in host communities in overcrowded shelters. Basic health and nutrition care is needed, as well as psychosocial support.
Roads connecting provinces are no longer considered safe and illegal checkpoints are on the rise, further limiting humanitarian access, so the numbers are most likely underestimated. With the end of the pullback, these trends will worsen.